The scope of this brief is to explore and recommend to African governments steps needed to achieve local downstream production through mineral value-addition. Such steps require human agency in the form of public-private partnerships, spearheaded by local governments and local private enterprises, with the engagement of foreign private companies. Through the introduction and enforcement of legislation, the establishment of refineries and smelters, and technology transfer, African countries can build local capacity for mineral value-addition and, thus, local downstream production and greater economic well-being.download full publication
“We can no longer continue to make policies for ourselves, our countries, our region and our continent on the basis of whatever the westerners will give us. It will not work, it has not worked...Our responsibility is to charter a path which is about how we can develop our nations ourselves.”
“only a crisis – actual or perceived – produces real change. When that crisis occurs, the actions that are taken depend on the ideas that are lying around. That is our basic function: to develop alternatives to existing policies, to keep them alive until the politically impossible becomes the politically inevitable.”
“The society that puts equality before freedom will end up with neither. The society that puts freedom before equality will end up with a great measure of both.”
“Basic institutions that protect the liberty of individuals to pursue their own economic interests result in greater prosperity for the larger society.”
“...where effective competition can be created, it is a better way of guiding individualefforts than any other... regards competition as superior not only because it is in mostcircumstances the most efficient method known but even more because it is the only methodby which our activities can be adjusted to each other without coercive or arbitraryintervention of authority.”
"The fundamental cure for poverty is not money but knowledge."
"The end of Law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings, capable of laws, where there is no law there is no freedom."