Policy Recommendation: Will the African Union become irrelevant on the international stage?

Authored By:

Eric Tevoedjre, Ph.D.


April 28, 2023

Since the beginning of the 21st century the race for raw materials has spawned increased interest in African countries by global actors. They want unfettered access to Africa’s natural resources. To them, this objective requires forging bilateral ties. At the same time the African Union (AU) is slowly but resolutely moving in a different direction: industrialization through regional value chains, which is what Agenda 2063 is all about. It is the master plan designed to turn Africa into a global player. Beset with severe challenges, including lack of support from African countries, the AU struggles to impose this vision to the world.


“We can no longer continue to make policies for ourselves, our countries, our region and our continent on the basis of whatever the westerners will give us. It will not work, it has not worked...Our responsibility is to charter a path which is about how we can develop our nations ourselves.”

—Ghanian President His Excellence Nana AKUFO-ADDO’s Speech, 07 December2017

 “only a crisis – actual or perceived – produces real change. When that crisis occurs, the actions that are taken depend on the ideas that are lying around. That is our basic function: to develop alternatives to existing policies, to keep them alive until the politically impossible becomes the politically inevitable.”

— Milton Friedman

“The society that puts equality before freedom will end up with neither. The society that puts freedom before equality will end up with a great measure of both.”

— Milton Friedman

“Basic institutions that protect the liberty of individuals to pursue their own economic interests result in greater prosperity for the larger society.”

— Adam Smith

“...where effective competition can be created, it is a better way of guiding individualefforts than any other... regards competition as superior not only because it is in mostcircumstances the most efficient method known but even more because it is the only methodby which our activities can be adjusted to each other without coercive or arbitraryintervention of authority.”

— Frederick Hayek

"The fundamental cure for poverty is not money but knowledge."

— Arthur Lewis

"The end of Law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings, capable of laws, where there is no law there is no freedom."

— John Locke