Micronutrient Deficiencies in South Sudan | A Policy Paper by Benita Kayembe

Authored By:

Benita Kayembe


August 31, 2021

Due to civil war and food insecurity in South Sudan in recent years, the prevalence of acute malnutrition has increased in the country. Although there are data limitations on the status of vitamin and minerals intake by the South Sudanese population, we are considering the prevalence of acute malnutrition as a good indicator of the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in the country. The proposed intervention aims to fight micronutrient deficiencies to increase micronutrients intake in South Sudan. The short-term goal is to provide micronutrient supplements to improve the health of recipients, and the long-term goal focuses on promoting Africa’s Indigenous Fruit Trees that are rich in nutrients and offer a range of ecosystem services. To have a more effective intervention, this paper proposes that its implementation begins in Western Equatoria, South Sudan. Community participation and design are major components of the intervention. What are their ideas on the best way to implement the intervention? In addition to community members, it is important to partner with national or international organizations with needed capabilities. This paper proposes two partners to help with the implementation: The United Nations’ Food Agriculture Organization and Doctors Without Borders (FAO). The FAO will be in charge of working and distributing agricultural items to small farmers while providing them with education on their importance, and Doctors Without Borders will be in charge of distributing dietary supplements to our population in Western Equatoria, South Sudan. Looking at the challenges that the country is facing due to the past civil wars, it can be uncertain to ensure the expected results of an intervention, however big or small. Nevertheless, due to the urgency needed for change, we are proposing this particular intervention as a pilot project.

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